POLAK, JACOB EDUARD (1820–1891), physician and writer. Born in Bohemia, he studied medicine and science in Prague and Vienna and in 1851 was invited to Teheran by the Persian government to serve as professor of anatomy and surgery at the military college. In 1856 he was appointed court physician to Shah Nasr-el-Din. Polak returned to Vienna in 1860 and was associated with the general hospital there while acting as lecturer in Persian at the University of Vienna. When Nasr-el-Din toured Europe in 1872 he visited Polak, who is mentioned in the shah's "Diary" as his "good old friend." Polak wrote a number of important treatises in Persian on anatomy, surgery, ophthalmology, and military medicine, some of which became standard works. He also compiled a medical dictionary in Persian, Arabic, and Latin in order to provide the Persian language with a system of medical terminology, and composed a much-used dictionary, Deutsch-persiches Konversationswoerterbuch (1914). A faithful and devoted Jew, Polak used his prestige and influence at the court of the shah in favor of his coreligionists. He drew the attention of European Jewry to the plight of the Jews in Persia at the time and proposed that the Alliance Israélite Universelle should send a Jewish representative to Teheran or establish a Jewish school there, as was ultimately done. Polak wrote extensively on various aspects of Jewish life in Persia; Persien, das Land und seine Bewohner (1865) and other publications contain important information about the Jews. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Goldberg, Dr. J.E. Polak: eine biographische Skizze (1856); Fischel, in: JSOS, 12 (1950), 119–60. (Walter Joseph Fischel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jakob Eduard Polak — (* 12. November 1818 in Groß Morschin (auch Groß Morzin), Böhmen (heute Mořina, Tschechische Republik); † 8. Oktober 1891 in Wien; auch Jacob Eduard Polack oder Pollak) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul-Zsolnay-Verlag — Unternehmensform GesmbH Gründung 1924 Unternehmenssitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zsolnay-Verlag — Paul Zsolnay Verlag Unternehmensform GesmbH Gründung 1924 Unternehmenssitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zsolnay Verlag — Paul Zsolnay Verlag Unternehmensform GesmbH Gründung 1924 Unternehmenssitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Pok–Pon — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste de zoologistes — Attention, il n est pas d usage en zoologie d utiliser d abréviation pour les noms des auteurs (contrairement aux usages de la botanique, voir ici). Cette liste ne constitue pas une liste officielle. Nous attirons l attention du lecteur sur son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Zsolnay Verlag — Rechtsform GesmbH Gründung 1924 Sitz Wien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LAWYERS — Introduction Although Jews were noted advocates at Brighegua near Toledo, Spain, as early as 1436, and though converted Jews were prominent lawyers in South America in the 17th century, Jews were generally prevented from practicing law in most of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POLITICS — Introduction Jewish involvement in national politics in the various countries in which they settled dates from the period of Jewish emancipation at the end of the 18th and the first half of the 19th century. In fact, personalities such as joseph… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Friedhof der Sozialisten — Übersichtsplan Der Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde im Berliner Ortsteil Lichtenberg des gleichnamigen Bezirks zählt zu den bekanntesten Friedhöfen Berlins. Berühmt ist er für die Gedenkstätte der Sozialisten, eine Begräbnisstätte für zahlreiche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”